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Biology_Allopatric_vs_Sympatric_Speciation

Biology Allopatric vs Sympatric Speciation

A similar graphic showing allopatry from ScienceBlogs.com

An easy to understand example of sympatry, from ScienceBlogs.com

There are several different types of speciation (how a new plant or animal species comes to be). Two of these types include allopatry and sympatry.

Allopatry

Allopatric speciation happens when a species is divided into 2 separate groups which do not come into contact with one another (they become isolated groups) (Nat Geo Education).

A physical barrier (like a valley or a river) could isolate the two groups, which would cause each group to evolve separately, unable to breed with the individuals of the other group.

Sympatry

This type of speciation occurs when similar species develop in the same habitat, and there are no physical barriers present (Nat Geo Education).

References

Basic concepts: Allopatry and sympatry – Evolving Thoughts. (n.d.). Retrieved November 21, 2013, from http://scienceblogs.com/evolvingthoughts/2007/03/11/basic-concepts-allopatry-and-s/

speciation - National Geographic Education. (n.d.). Retrieved November 21, 2013, from http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/encyclopedia/speciation/?ar_a=1

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