DragonflyIssuesInEvolution13 Wiki
(Created page with "video|right|300px thumb|Wolf pups begging for food from adults. Write the first paragraph of y...")
 
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<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:Verdana,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:medium;line-height:normal;">Jenks, S.M. (2011). A longitudinal study of the sociosexual dynamics in a captive family group of wolves: The University of Connecticut. ''Behav. Genet.'', 41, 810-829.</span>
 
<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:Verdana,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:medium;line-height:normal;">Jenks, S.M. (2011). A longitudinal study of the sociosexual dynamics in a captive family group of wolves: The University of Connecticut. ''Behav. Genet.'', 41, 810-829.</span>
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<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:Verdana,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:medium;line-height:normal;">Another example of kin selection that I would like to have others comment on are the meerkats.  One can say that meerkats fit the altruistic behaviors by one keeping watch while the others in the group look for food / eat.  However, others argue that this is not an example of altruism because of the fact that the ones that keep watch have already eaten, and are not being selfless in this behavior.  What do you think about the meerkats and altruism?</span>
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<span style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-family:Verdana,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:medium;line-height:normal;">[[File:Meerkat_manor_6.jpg|thumb|Meerkat on a raised position. Photo courtesy of Animal Planet's Meerkat Manor]]</span>

Revision as of 19:30, 1 November 2013

Wolf pups begging for food from adults.

Write the first paragraph of your page here.

Wolf pack behaviors and socialization

Wolves live in tight family groups consisting of an unrelated breeding pair (dominant) and their offspring, sometimes including an unrelated subordinate individual. In addition to the dominant breeding pair, there are subordinate non-breeding adult individuals. Their pack structure is held together via complex social behavior. Why they behave this way is the answer to the relationship between kin selection and sexual selection. 

Dominant wolves have fairly obvious benefits, especially in how they receive priority access to resources (including breeding). Subordinate wolves do not receive the same benefit, but instead provide allocare to the dominant's offspring. In return, they are protected by ample food, personal safety, and most importantly to this discussion: fitness through the success of their kin, aka the dominant's offspring. 

Meanwhile, in order to attain dominant status within the wolf pack there is a high level of intrasexual competition, particularly between females of breeding age. These competitions are often extremely aggressive and very intense. Male wolves also do compete, but not to the same extent as females. Furthermore, males prefer highly dominant females. Competing females tend to have the capacity to fully perceive the social behavior or the subordinant females, ostracize them, and physically (if necessary) prevent them from breeding. 

References

Jenks, S.M. (2011). A longitudinal study of the sociosexual dynamics in a captive family group of wolves: The University of Connecticut. Behav. Genet., 41, 810-829.


Another example of kin selection that I would like to have others comment on are the meerkats.  One can say that meerkats fit the altruistic behaviors by one keeping watch while the others in the group look for food / eat.  However, others argue that this is not an example of altruism because of the fact that the ones that keep watch have already eaten, and are not being selfless in this behavior.  What do you think about the meerkats and altruism?

Meerkat on a raised position. Photo courtesy of Animal Planet's Meerkat Manor