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Homo floresensis

Homo floresiensis on display in the Hall of Human Origins in the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. Image Credit: Tim Evanson. http://www.flickr.com/photos/23165290@N00/7283199410

 Insular dwarfism- the process and condition of the reduction in size of large animals over a number of generation when their population's range is limited to a small environment, such as islands. 

H. floresiensis[]

9 skeleton fossils were found in 2003 in Flores, Indonesia.  There is argument that these fossils are deformed Homo sapiens, but these skeletons were no larger than the size of a human toddler.

Those who believe that this is a dwarf species think it is because the limited food and resources available on the island. 

Mammoths (oxymoron), racoons, foxes, hippos & tigers are just a few of the other species that exemplify this quality.

Reference: insular-dwarfism-12-species-that-evolved-to-be-small